With an education from Sweden
If you studied to become a doctor in Sweden, you must have a medical degree and have passed your internship in order to obtain a medical license from the National Board of Health and Welfare. You must have a medical license in order work independently as a doctor. A specialist education program of at least five years is required in order to work as a specialist (including the specialty of family medicine).
In order to work as an EU-licensed doctor with a Swedish education, you must have two years of professional experience working as a doctor under supervision after obtaining a medical license. Read more about EU-licensed doctors.
With an education from within the EU/EEA
If you studied to become a doctor in an EU/EEA country, EC Directive 2005/36/EC requires that member states recognize the professional qualifications gained in another member state. Read more here.
If you have a medical license in Sweden and completed a specialist education program in another EU or EEA country, EC Directive 2005/36/EC regulates the possibility of obtaining a Swedish certificate of specialist expertise. The certificate of specialist expertise is issued in accordance with the Directive's regulations for mandatory and automatic recognition if the specialty is listed in Annex V of the Directive. Annex V lists the names of the new medical specialties and the minimum education program lengths.
The Swedish specialty family medicine requires a five-year specialist education program and must not be confused with the EU-defined level for EU-licensed doctor, which is a doctor with general medical education and three years of continued education (in Sweden – 2 years of professional experience after internship; see above).
With an education from a non-EU/EEA country
As a doctor from outside of the EU, you must first have good knowledge of the Swedish language. You must then either pass a medical knowledge test and complete an internship or complete a period of probation before you can apply for a Swedish license. Which alternative applies for you depends on whether you have specialist expertise and/or significant professional experience in a specialty. Read more here.
The National Board of Health and Welfare is the government agency responsible for receiving and processing applications for the assessment of educational qualifications. For a limited period of time, it is possible to work as a doctor without a Swedish medical license provided that the National Board of Health and Welfare has issued a provision for this. Read more here.